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"The most powerful statement we could say about HPV right now is that unlike most cancers, cervical cancer is detectable and preventable before it turns into full-blown cancer"


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The HPV vaccination will help reduce the number of cases of cervical cancer and the number of women who have to be treated for abnormal cervical screening results. Girls who are offered the HPV vaccine have an opportunity to protect themselves from two high risk types of HPV that cause at least 70% of all cervical cancers. It is essential that all girls who are vaccinated also attend cervical screening when invited because the vaccine does not protect against all HPV types. If you are not eligible for the vaccination the best protection against cervical cancer is to continue going for regular cervical screenings. The combination of HPV vaccination and cervical screening can help reduce cervical cancer incidence in Canada.

Human papillomavirus immunization programs by province/territory (September 2010):

Province/Territory

Routine Schedule for girls- 1,2 and 6 months (Year of implementation)

Routine Schedule for boys (Year of implementation)

Catch-up program for girls 

Catch-up programs for boys 

British Columbia

Grade 6 (2008)

Grade 6 (2017) 

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Alberta

Grade 5 (2008)

 Grade 5 (2014)

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 Grade 9 (from 2014- 2018 only)

Saskatchewan

Grade 6 (2008)

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Manitoba

Grade 6 (2008)

 Grade 6 (2016)

- Females born between 1997 and 2003 can get up to 3 doses, if they missed the Grade 6 program. 

- Females born between 1986 and 2005 with an increased risk if HPV infection are eligible for the 3 doses, if they started the vaccine series before March 31, 2014. 

- Females who are immunocompromised or HIV-positive and born during or after 1997 are also eligible to receive 3 doses.

 Grades 8+9 (2016)

Ontario

Grade 7 (2007)

Grade 7 (2016)

- Girls starting Grade 8 in the 2016-17 school year will be able to receive the vaccine.

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Quebec

Grade 4 (2008)

 - Grade 4 (2016)

- Also, men 26 years old and younger, who have sex with other men can get the HPV vaccine free of charge. (2016) 

- 9 to 13 years of age (High Risk of HPV Infections)

- 14-17 years of age

- 9 to 17 years of age in First Nations communities

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New Brunswick

Grade 7 (2008)

 *Boys will be included in the program, waiting for details. 

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Nova Scotia

Grade 7 (2007)

 Grade 7 (2015)

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Prince Edward Island

Grade 6 (2007)

 Grade 6 (2013) 

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Newfoundland and Labrador

Grade 6 (2007)

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Northwest Territories

Grades 4-6 (2009)

*9-14 yrs: 2 doses

*15 yrs +: 3 doses

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Yukon

Grade 6 (2008-09)

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Nunavut

Grade 6 (2010)

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Advisory Committee Statement (ACS) and National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). (2012). Update on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines.
Canada Communicable Disease Report. Vol. 38 

 


"HPV Vaccination Summary." Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

Cervical screening is NOT a test to find cancer. It is a screening test to detect abnormalities (pre-cancer) at an early stage in the cells in the cervix.

Cervical screening is the process of taking a sample of cells from your cervix which are then examined to detect abnormalities that might develop into cancer in the future. The sample of cells is placed in liquid so that it can be analysed in the laboratory. This process is called liquid based cytology (LBC). Screening can detect precancerous/abnormal cells and the detection and successful treatment of these cells usually prevents the occurrence of cancer. Changes in these cells are generally caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Testing for the HPV virus itself can also be done on the same LBC sample that is examined under the microscope. For more information on HPV testing click here.

Around 1,408 new cervical cancer cases are diagnosed annually in Canada [1]. Regular cervical screening provides a high degree of protection against developing cervical cancer. Not going for cervical screening is one of the biggest risk factors for developing cervical cancer.


References

  1. Bruni L, Barrionuevo-Rosas L, Albero G, Aldea M, Serrano B, Valencia S, Brotons M, Mena M, Cosano R, Muñoz J, Bosch FX, de Sanjosé S, Castellsagué X. ICO Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in Canada. Summary Report 2014-12-18.

"Cervical Screening (Smear Test)." Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

It is very easy as a partner to become isolated. Other people don’t always know what to say to you. Their approach may seem nosy and intrusive, or they may wait for you to talk as they are so concerned about intruding. It is very hard for them to find a middle ground, so most people will appreciate you being clear about what works for you.

It may be that you don’t want to talk, but rather just to be with people who aren’t involved from time to time. Partners tell us that taking time out for themselves really helped them. It is, therefore, vital that you don’t lose contact with friends. If you used to have time apart to pursue your own interests, it is vital to keep these up. Or now may be the time to start, so that you get a break that refreshes you and helps you to be more available to your partner in the long run.

Indeed, make sure you take care of yourself – eat properly and get enough sleep. Take people up on offers of help. Friends and family often feel as helpless as you do and are only too delighted if there is something practical they can do to help.

Your partner may have appreciated you acting as a buffer between herself and the world and partners tell us this role can help you to feel useful and wanted. It can also be an incredible burden, particularly if she wants you to filter details about her condition. This may mean you feel you can’t offload for fear of revealing details she does not want others to know. However, if you believe you don’t have the right to show emotion or have a little moan occasionally, this may lead you to bottle things up and make you more vulnerable to irritability, stress and illness. The more supported you are, the more support you will be able to offer your partner.

If there really seems to be no one you can discuss things with amongst your family and friends, cancer nurse specialists can be really helpful in offering informed advice and listening.

You can also talk to other partners using our online forum. We have a private forum section that is only open to partners. You can access this on our website at this address: http://www.hpvawareness.org/forum

Don’t forget your GP, who may have counselling available at the surgery or be able to suggest local support groups or resources. There are many types of counselling and you can choose to attend with your partner (couples counselling) or on your own.

Counselling provides a safe environment where you can talk through what you are thinking or feeling and, if you want to, look at working on some of the issues you are finding difficult.

 


"Getting Support." Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

Intimacy with a partner may be a very important thing for you right now. It’s just as natural now as it's always been to have these feelings. The chemicals your body releases when you are intimate or receive affection from another person make you feel good and also feel close to your partner. Some of the treatment you have had may make this challenging. Please talk to your clinical nurse specialist if you need support or advice with this.

Those facing incurable cancer and their loved ones may feel isolated which can lead women to feel distanced from friends, family and colleagues, it is normal to find it more difficult to tell your family how you feel, your thoughts, fears and feelings to try and protect them at this difficult time. So it is important to get the support that you need at this time from people you feel more comfortable talking to or your health care team. Take time out to care for yourself and ask for help when you need it.

If you want to talk to other women in a similar situation as you, you can find support on our website.


"You and Your Partner." Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.